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Documentation for computer accommodation must demonstrate the following:

  • The student’s disability
  • The impact of the disability on the student’s written expression

Physical Disability

Students with physical disabilities — such as muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, and traumatic brain injury — should include the following information:

  • Documentation of the student’s physical disability, including a medical examination. See Physical/Medical Disabilities for detailed requirements.
  • A clear statement explaining why the student has difficulty writing and why the student needs a computer.
  • Narrative or descriptive text providing both quantitative and qualitative information about the student's abilities that could help the College Board understand the student's profile. Teacher Survey Forms (.pdf/240KB) could be helpful.

Dysgraphia

For the purposes of College Board tests, dysgraphia is defined as a type of disability in which students have fine motor problems that affect their writing skills. Poor handwriting is not a disability.

When a student requires a computer because of dysgraphia, submit the following:

  • Documentation of a fine motor problem
  • An academic test of writing 

Fine motor problems can be documented by occupational therapists, psychologists, learning specialists, MDs, and other professionals using commonly accepted tests such as these:

  • Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale or Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (including the coding subtest)
  • Beery Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual Motor Integration
  • Rey Complex Figure Test and Recognition Trial

Academic tests of writing demonstrate that the student's fine motor problems present severe deficiencies in organization, presentation of ideas, richness of language, and complex language structure. These tests are usually administered by school or clinical psychologists or educational diagnosticians. Examples include the following:

  • Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Academic Achievement (General and extended batteries including fluency measures)
  • Scholastic Abilities Test for Adults
  • Wechsler Individual Achievement Test
  • Test of Written Language
  • Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement

See Learning Disorders or Physical/Medical Disabilities for more applicable documentation guidelines.

Language-Based Learning Disorder (Severe)

There are some severe learning disorders that affect a student's overall language-based skills, both in reading and writing. To be eligible for computer accommodation on College Board exams, the student should submit comprehensive cognitive and academic testing that meets College Board guidelines.

The documentation should demonstrate severe deficiencies in organization, presentation of ideas, richness of language, and complex sentence structure. See Common Diagnostic Tests for a list of frequently used tests. See Learning Disorders for more applicable documentation guidelines.